It is important to be clear which is the cause (or reason) and which is the effect (or result), and to use the correct transition word or phrase.
Table of contents
- What Exactly Are Transition Words, and Why Are They Important?
- Transition Words and Phrases: Useful List & Examples
- Writing a Cause-Effect Essay: Drafting the Essay
- ELC Study Zone: Cause-and-Effect Linking Words
- Review Lesson
If your thesis focuses on effects, write one paragraph per effect.
What Exactly Are Transition Words, and Why Are They Important?
Conclusion A conclusion wraps up the essay. A strong conclusion should do one or more of these things: Summarize your three main ideas or arguments Restate your thesis statement in a slightly different way Include something that will keep the readers thinking or wondering about your topic Using Signal Words Signal words are transitions that help the reader make cause and effect relationships between ideas.
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The opening paragraph needs to do a few things: Grab the reader's attention Present your thesis statement Lead the reader into the body of your essay. Each paragraph in the body should reflect a cause or an effect. See the examples below.
There are two main ways to structure a cause and effect essay. These are similar to the ways to structure problem-solution essays , namely using a block or a chain structure.
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For the block structure, all of the causes are listed first, and all of the effects are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by the effect. Usually that effect will then be the cause of the next effect, which is why this structure is called 'chain'. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any effects you present relate directly to the causes you have given.
Cause and effect structure words are transition signals which show the cause and effect relationships.
Transition Words and Phrases: Useful List & Examples
It is important to be clear which is the cause or reason and which is the effect or result , and to use the correct transition word or phrase. Remember that a cause happens first , and the effect happens later. Below are some common cause and effect structure words. X is used to indicate a cause, while Y is used to indicate the effect.
Writing a Cause-Effect Essay: Drafting the Essay
Below is a cause and effect essay. This essay uses the block structure. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to the right to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i. Causes, Effects, and structure words. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the causes and effects contained in the main body. Title: More and more women are now going out to work and some women are now the major salary earner in the family. What are the causes of this, and what effect is this having on families and society?
In the past, most women stayed at home to take care of domestic chores such as cooking or cleaning. Women's liberation and feminism have meant that this situation has been transformed and in contemporary society women are playing an almost equal role to men in terms of work. This has had significant consequences , both in terms of the family , for example by improving quality of life and increasing children's sense of independence , and also for society itself with greater gender equality. The main reasons behind the increase of women in the workplace are women's liberation and feminism.
The women's liberation movement originated in the s and was popularised by authors such as Simone de Beauvoir. As a consequence of this, new legislation emerged, granting women equal rights to men in many fields, in particular employment. Because of feminist ideas, men have taken up roles which were previously seen as being for women only, most importantly those related to child rearing.
As a result of this, women have more time to pursue their own careers and interests. These have led to some significant effects, both to family life and to society as a whole. Although the earning capacity of a woman in her lifetime is generally much less than that of a man, she can nevertheless make a significant contribution to the family income. For information and a free bonus , see Building Vocabulary.
ELC Study Zone: Cause-and-Effect Linking Words
The and perhaps most obvious disadvantage of online classes is the lack of face to face interaction. They cannot spontaneously ask a question or volunteer an answer.
They have less opportunity to get acquainted with their fellow students. To mitigate these disadvantages, teachers can post videos online so students can see and hear them almost as clearly as in a large class. They can also plan webinars in which students can ask questions and get answers in real-time, either by phone, Skype, or online chat. Lack of student interaction can be reduced by incorporating opportunities for students to introduce themselves and socialize including through icebreaker-type games into the class schedule.
Students can work on projects together or organize study groups via Skype, chat, or instant messaging. The greatest advantage of online learning is its great expansion of opportunities to many whose access to traditional education was very limited due to geography, income, or various disabilities. Online learning is accessible to anyone who has or can get the use of a computer, anywhere in the world.
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It enables major reductions in school expenses for overhead buildings and utilities , as well as student expenses for transportation, texts, and sometimes living costs. The disadvantages of online learning can be reduced, its benefits are increasing with each new technology. In many cases it can be combined with traditional classroom learning to get the best of both worlds.
Traditional classrooms can use online components like flipped learning to make the best use of teacher time.